Total Knee Joint Replacement (arthroplasty)

  • The aim of total knee replacement is to achieve relief of pain for walking and standing.
  • The total knee replacement operation resurfaces damaged cartilage surfaces.
  • Total knee replacement implant components are made of the following materials: Femur component (thigh bone at knee) - cobalt chrome alloy. Bearing surface insert (between main components) - high density polyethylene. Tibia component (shin bone at knee) - titanium alloy. The total knee replacement operation usually takes approximately 90 minutes.
  • The total knee replacement operation usually takes approximately 90 minutes
  • The stay in hospital is usually 4-6 days.
  • The first day after surgery there will be a padded bandage on the knee which will be changed to a light dressing at day two.
  • A cold water cuff (cryocuff) will be applied to the leg periodically to help reduce swelling.
  • For the following 2-3 days there are exercises and increasing walking on crutches with physiotherapy and nursing supervision.
  • When you are sufficiently comfortable and the hospital staff consider that you are managing well, you can go home.
  • Details of follow up care will be arranged at discharge when you will receive any prescription and certificates you may need.
  • You are likely to be on crutches for 2- 4 weeks